Russia May be Hacking Us More, but China is Hacking Us Much Less

Ken Dilanian
NBC News
Chinese hacking has plummeted in the year since China signed an agreement with the Obama administration to curb economic espionage

China Calls Hacking of U.S. Workers’ Data a Crime, Not a State Act

MICHAEL FORSYTHE and DAVID E. SANGER
New York Times
China has acknowledged that the breach of the United States Office of Personnel Management’s computer systems was the work of Chinese hackers.

U.S. Pulls Spies from China After Hack

Evan Perez
CNN
The U.S. suspects that Chinese hackers were behind the breach at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management, which exposed the fingerprints of 5.6 million government employees.

China's Xi Promises Better Investment Climate, Cyber War Deal Seen

MICHAEL MARTINA, ERIC M. JOHNSON AND...
Reuters
Seeking to warm bilateral ties and project a sunny climate for U.S. business, Xi Jinping vowed to cut restrictions on foreign investment.

Conversation

09.22.15

Can the U.S. & China Make Peace in Cyberspace?

Charlie Smith, Rogier Creemers & more
Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives in the United States today on his first state visit. Xi will address a group of American business leadersin Seattle. High on their list of concerns about trade with China is cyber hacking, cyber espionage and...

Hillary Clinton Says China Hacks into “Everything that Doesn’t Move”

Jake Flanigin
Quartz
The Democratic presidential candidate accused Chinese hackers of stealing “huge amounts of government information.”

Former CIA Chief Says Government Data Breach Could Help China Recruit Spies

Damian Paletta
Wall Street Journal
Retired Gen. Michael Hayden calls records a ‘legitimate foreign intelligence target’.

Chinese Hackers Circumvent Popular Web Privacy Tools

Nicole Perlroth
New York Times
The attackers compromised websites frequented by Chinese journalists as well as China’s Muslim Uighur ethnic minority.

China in Focus as Cyber Attack Hits Millions of U.S. Federal Workers

Matt Spetalnick and David Brunnstrom
Reuters
Hacks possibly compromised the personal data of 4 million current and former federal employees.

Why Do the Chinese Hack? Fear

Enrique Oti
War on the Rocks
To ensure its survival, the Chinese Communist Party has decided that it must control the Internet. 

China Accused Of Decade Of Cyber Attacks On Governments And Corporates In Asia

Jon Russell
TechCrunch
“There’s no smoking gun...,but all signs point to China” Bryce Boland told TechCrunch.

China (Finally) Admits to Hacking

Shannon Tiezzi
Diplomat
An updated military document for the first time admits that the Chinese government sponsors offensive cyber units.

Viewpoint

02.19.15

Beijing Touts ‘Cyber-Sovereignty’ In Internet Governance

Scott D. Livingston
It has been a difficult few weeks for global technology companies operating in China.Chinese officials strengthened the Internet firewall by blocking the use of virtual private networks (VPNs), reasserted demands that web users register their real...

Opinion: In Response to Sony Hack, U.S. Should Focus on China Not North Korea

Jason Healey
Christian Science Monitor
Mr. Obama’s punt is not a big surprise as there simply are no good options for responding to North Korea. How do you calibrate a “proportional response” when not countering a military attack but one that targets freedom of expression?

China Said to Probe U.S. Claims of North Korea Role in Sony Hack

Keith Zhai and Ting Shi
Bloomberg
The dispute between the U.S. and North Korea is escalating after hackers forced Sony to pull a comedy movie about the assassination of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, exposed Hollywood secrets, and destroyed company data.

U.S. Blames North Korea for Sony Cyber Attack, Vows ‘Consequences’

Aruna Viswanatha and Steve Holland
Reuters
It was the first time the United States had directly accused another country of a cyber attack of such magnitude on American soil and sets up a possible new confrontation between longtime foes Washington and Pyongyang.

Reports

12.03.14

Warring State: China’s Cybersecurity Strategy

Amy Chang
Center for a New American Security
Research Associate Amy Chang explores the political, economic, and military objectives of China’s cybersecurity apparatus; reveals drivers and intentions of Chinese activity in cyberspace; and analyzes the development of Beijing’s cybersecurity...

Chinese Hackers Extending Reach to Smaller U.S. Agencies, Officials Say

MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT
New York Times
After years of cyberattacks on the networks of high-profile government targets like the Pentagon, Chinese hackers appear to have turned their attention to far more obscure federal agencies.

China Accuses U.S. of Hypocrisy Amid Charges of Economic Espionage

Massoud Hayoun
Al Jazeera
Unresolved allegations that the U.S. National Security Agency spied on a Chinese telecoms giant Huawei have resurfaced amid growing anger from Chinese officials over accusations that the PLA hacked American databases.

Conversation

05.19.14

Is This the Best Response to China’s Cyber-Attacks? 

Robert Daly, Chen Weihua & more
On Monday, the United States Attorney General Eric Holder accused China of hacking American industrial giants such as U.S. Steel and Westinghouse Electric, making unprecedented criminal charges of cyper-espionage against Chinese...

Department of Justice Indicts Chinese Hackers: What Next?

Adam Segal
Council on Foreign Relations
The US indicted five Chinese military officers for cyberspying, but the Snowden revelations about alleged NSA activities make it hard to build support for diplomatic efforts from the rest of the world.

U.S. Tries Candor to Assure China on Cyberattacks

David Sanger
New York Times
The Pentagon’s emerging doctrine includes defending against cyberattacks on the United States and also using its cybertechnology against adversaries, including the Chinese.

China Suffers Massive Internet Outage, Analysts Suspect Hackers

Paul Armstrong
CNN
The state-run China Internet Network Information Center blamed the blockage on a “malfunction in root servers.”

U.S. Blames China’s Military Directly for Cyberattacks

David E. Sanger
New York Times
Until now the administration avoided directly accusing the People’s Liberation Army of using cyberweapons against the United States in a deliberate, government-developed strategy to steal intellectual property and gain strategic advantage. 

Mandiant: No Drop In Chinese Hacking Despite Talk

Paul Mozur and Josh Chin
WSJ: China Real Time Report
The only change, Mandiant’s Chief Security Officer said, has been a noticeable drop in cyber attacks from Unit 61398, a group within the People’s Liberation Army that Mandiant accused in February 2013.  

U.S. Eyes Pushback On China Hacking

Siobhan Gorman
Wall Street Journal
Current and former officials said the offensive shift turned on two developments: new intelligence showing the Chinese military directing cyberspying campaigns, and a sudden change in U.S. companies’ willingness to acknowledge Chinese...

What Kerry Should Tell China

Shen Dingli
Foreign Policy
On April 13, 2013, when John Kerry pays his first visit to China as the U.S. secretary of state, North Korea will be at the top of his agenda, with Iran’s nuclear program and cyberattacks also extremely important. 

Beijing Opposes U.S. Rule On Technology Imports

Reuters
The new provision following recent cyberattacks requires NASA, as well as the U.S. Justice and Commerce Departments, to seek approval from national law enforcement officials before buying information technology systems from China. 

South Korea Says China Hack Link A ‘Mistake’

BBC
Hackers can route their attacks through addresses in other countries and intelligence experts believe that North Korea routinely uses Chinese computer addresses to hide its cyber-attacks. 

As Hacking Continues, Concerns Grow That Chinese-Americans May Suffer

Didi Kristen Tatlow
International Herald Tribune
An interview with prominent Chinese-American legal scholar about the recent hacking issue and Chinese-Americans role in offsetting potential negative misconceptions about the community.

China Hacker’s Angst Opens A Window Onto Cyber-Espionage

Tommy Yang
Los Angeles Times
A P.L.A. hacker’s blog is discovered, providing a rare peek into the secretive hacking establishment of the Chinese military, in what is believed to be by far the world’s largest institutionalized hacking operation. 

The Brutality Cascade

David Brooks
New York Times
 As China's economic and defense tactics appear to become more and more successful, David Brooks expects other countries' policies will start to resemble them, whether or not they run counter to our principles. ...

Cyber Menace: Digital Spying Burdens German-Chinese Relations

Ralph Neukirch, Jörg Schmitt, Gregor...
Spiegel Online
European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company’s (EADS) firewalls have been exposed to attacks by hackers for years, but now company officials say there was “a more conspicuous” attack a few months ago.  

What China’s Hackers Get Wrong About Washington

Ezra Klein
Washington Post
Chinese hackers believe the most pervasive of of all Washington legends: that everything that happens in D.C. fits into somebody’s plan. Because in China, it would be like that. Not in our nation’s capital. 

In Cyberspace, New Cold War

David E. Sanger
New York Times
The early 2013 cyberattacks and the U.S. government’s response illustrate how different the cyber-cold war between the U.S. and China is from the more familiar superpower conflicts of past decades.  

Media

02.22.13

Complaints, Nationalism, and Spoofs

Ouyang Bin & Zhang Xiaoran
This week, United States government and American media charges of Chinese cyberattacks have led to a variety of responses from netizens across China. On February 19, a CNN camera crew tried to shoot video of the twelve-story military-owned building...

Chinese Hackers Are Getting Dangerously Good At English

Melissa Chan
Foreign Policy
 Chinese hackers are getting dangerously good at tricking users into clicking on what are known as “phishing emails” -- messages with links or attachments that seem innocuous, but actually dump spyware on recipients'...

Hack-attack

The Economist
Economist
A timeline of cyberattacks from China from the Mandiant report.

China, Its Hackers, And The American Media

Matt Schiavenza
Atlantic
While the story presented fresh evidence of Chinese hacking, the aftermath presents more questions than answers about U.S.-China relations, as well as the connection between U.S. media and Chinese government.

China Says Army Is Not Behind Attacks In Report

David Barboza
New York Times
Geng Yansheng, a spokesman for the Ministry of National Defense, says “The claim by the Mandiant company that the Chinese military engages in Internet espionage has no foundation in fact.”

What Do We Make Of The Chinese Hacking?

James Fallows
Atlantic
Is this recent hacking really something new? Or merely our "threat inflation,"* cued both to the impending sequestration menace and February 2013 SOTU mentions of new efforts in cyber-security?...

Authorities Reject Cyber Crime Accusation

Xu Tianran and Duan Wuning
Global Times
The report does not reflect the facts and is not professional, and the PLA has never supported any cyber espionage activities, China's defense ministry said on its official website in response to the accusation...

U.S.: Hacking Attacks Are Constant Topic Of Talks With China

Anita Kumar and Tom Lasseter
McClatchy
 Obama administration officials acknowledged that China’s involvement in cyber-attacks is a near-constant subject of conversation between the nations’ officials but that there have been few signs that China is willing to stop the attacks.

Malware Attack On Apple Said To Come From Eastern Europe

Michael Riley and Adam Satariano
Bloomberg
At least 40 companies including Apple Inc., Facebook Inc. and Twitter Inc. were targeted in malware attacks linked to an Eastern European gang of hackers that is trying steal company secrets.

A Look At Mandiant, Allegations On China Hacking

The Associated Press
Associated Press
An introduction to Mandiant, the details of its recent report on alleged government-affiliated Chinese hacking, why the report is significant, and potential backlash from the report.

Chinese Army Unit Is Seen as Tied to Hacking Against U.S.

David E. Sanger, David Barboza and...
New York Times
An unusually detailed 60-page study tracks for the first time individual members of the most sophisticated Chinese hacking group to the doorstep of the military unit’s headquarters. 

Media

02.20.13

On China’s Twitter, Discussion of Hacking Attacks Proceeds Unblocked

As The New York Times reported yesterday evening, U.S.-based cybersecurity firm Mandiant has just released a deeply troubling report called “Exposing One of China’s Cyber Espionage Units.” The report alleges wide-spread hacking sponsored by the...

U.S. Security Group Suspects P.L.A. Behind Hacking Attacks

Reuters
Reuters
A secretive Chinese military unit is believed to be behind a series of hacking attacks, prompting a strong denial by China and accusations that it was in fact the victim of U.S. hacking.

Conversation

02.20.13

Cyber Attacks—What’s the Best Response?

James Fallows, Xiao Qiang & more
With regular ChinaFile Conversation contributor Elizabeth Economy on the road, we turned to her colleague Adam Segal, Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow for China Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. Segal said that “the time for...

China Won’t Cut Its Cyberspying

Greg Austin
New York Times
Some Obama advisers have recommended harsh action to send a clear signal to China to change its ways. But even if the Americans retaliate, China is unlikely to respond as they might hope. 

A Chinese Hacker’s Identity Unmasked

Dune Lawrence and Michael Riley
Businessweek
Joe Stewart’s day starts at 6:30 a.m. in Myrtle Beach, S.C., with a peanut butter sandwich, a sugar-free Red Bull, and 50,000 or so pieces of malware waiting in his e-mail in-box.

U.S. Cybersecurity Plan Aimed at Keeping China out of America’s Networks

Associated Press
President Barack Obama signed an executive order aimed at helping protect the computer networks of crucial American industries from cyberattacks and prodded Congress to enact legislation that would go even further. 

Barbaraians at the Digital Gate (Editorial)

WSJ Editorial Board
Wall Street Journal
On a visit to our offices last year, a U.S. lawmaker with knowledge of intelligence affairs explained that, when it comes to cyber-espionage, there are only two kinds of American companies these days: Those that have been hacked, and those that don...

Conversation

02.01.13

China’s Cyberattacks — At What Cost?

James Fallows, Donald Clarke & more
James Fallows: Here are some initial reactions on the latest hacking news.We call this the “latest” news because I don’t think anyone, in China or outside, is actually surprised. In my own experience in China, which is limited compared with many of...