FAQ

We regularly update this list of questions with information drawn from Chinese law, official statements, and our interviews about NGOs’ on-the-ground experiences

According to guidance given during a Q&A session in 2016, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) Foreign NGO Management Bureau will allow WFOEs to donate money for public interest or charitable purposes in China as long as they carry out normal for-profit business in China and do not solely carry out “NGO activities.” As of April 2017, the MPS has offered no further guidance about what mix of activities and operations might be considered carrying...Read more
The following includes links to the official forms (in Chinese), as listed on the Ministry of Public Security website, which are necessary for compliance with both the representative office registration and temporary activity parts of China’s Foreign NGO Law. (Please note that all links to the official forms automatically begin downloads of the forms as Microsoft Word documents from the Ministry of Public Security website.) Below the links to official forms, we have provided unofficial...Read more
Some provincial Public Security Bureaus have posted lists of Professional Supervisory Units (PSUs). The following are links to all the provincial-level PSU lists (in Chinese) that The China NGO Project was able to find online. All lists are in Chinese except where noted.Read more
The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) has not offered formal guidance on this point, though it is becoming more pressing for NGOs who have been unable to obtain sponsorship from unresponsive Professional Supervisory Units (PSUs). Several NGOs have told The China NGO Project that public security officials seem to appreciate the challenges for foreign NGOs seeking a PSU, and that the NGOs themselves feel reasonably secure as long as they are making a good-faith effort...Read more

What Happens if a Foreign NGO Violates the Law?

According to one source, the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) has stated in multiple venues that foreign NGOs deemed non-compliant will be given notice by an “early warning system” before being punished or expelled from China. This warning could possibly come in the form of a meeting with local public security officials to inform the NGO that they are in violation of the law. Articles 45 and 46 of the Law list the sanctions that...Read more