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Demand-Driven Data: How Partner Countries are Gathering Chinese Development Cooperation Information

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As China becomes one of the major development partners and South-South cooperation (SSC) providers globally, there is increasing demand from partner countries for more information on China’s financial flows. China has been taking initiatives to increase the sharing of development cooperation information, exemplified by the release of two White Papers on Foreign Aid (2011 and 2014), or through steps for improving Chinese foreign aid management mentioned in the Measures for the Administration of Foreign Aid (2014). As part of the global initiative to support developing countries in their quest for greater information sharing about development cooperation flows, the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC) was established at the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in 2011. In the 2014 GPEDC progress report, eleven partner countries reported on Chinese financial flows for the first time, a significant increase from previous years. These countries include Cambodia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Madagascar, Mali, Moldova, Nepal, Philippines, Samoa, Senegal, Tajikistan, and Togo. These countries have provided not only China’s development cooperation data, but also some useful information on the predictability of the financial flows, and the degree of policy alignment to country systems. Furthermore, the report provides information on the quality of these countries’ public financial management systems, and the extent of their respective mutual accountability frameworks.