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Wealthy Chinese Are Fleeing the Country Like Mad

A ChinaFile Infographic Translation

Last year, Chinese millionaires maxed out the quota for EB-5 visas under the U.S.’s Immigrant Investor Program, and recently it was reported that 90% of Australia’s Significant Investor visas were given to Chinese nationals. All over the world, immigrant investor programs are being flooded with applicants from China.

Emigrants from China Rise in Recent Decades, China Becomes Fourth Largest Exporter of Immigrants

Since 1990, China has gone from being the 7th largest exporter of immigrants to the 4th largest, an increase of more than 125%. Chinese people are emigrating in ever greater numbers, particularly the wealthy.

More and More Wealthy Chinese Want to Emigrate

Percentages of Rich People Who Leave the Country

Percentages of Rich People Who Leave the Country

Meanwhile, a recent survey from Barclays shows that 47% of wealthy Chinese would like to emigrate. The response rate for the survey was 29% worldwide.

Percentage of Wealthy Individuals Who Plan to Move Abroad Within the Next 5 Years

Percentage of Wealthy Individuals Who Plan to Move Abroad Within the Next 5 Years

As more Chinese become wealthy, the number of people who want to emigrate is increasing. So where do wealthy Chinese want to go?

Rich Chinese Want to Go to North America

According to the Hurun Report’s “2014 Immigrant Investor White Paper,” the U.S. and Canada are the first choices for wealthy Chinese looking to emigrate.

Top Destinations for Wealthy Chinese Emigrants

Top Destinations for Wealthy Chinese Emigrants

Since most high-net-worth Chinese accumulate their wealth in China, from a business perspective it is advantageous for them to remain close to China. So what is involved in getting an immigrant visa to a foreign country?

Requirements for Getting an Immigrant Investor Visa

Types of immigration include immigrant investor programs, skilled worker programs, study abroad, and irregular immigration. Most wealthy Chinese immigrate through investment.

Minimum Investment Required to Immigrate, by Country

Minimum Investment Required to Immigrate, by Country

Investment Requirements for Immgration and Naturalization, by Country

U.S.

EB-5 Immigrant Investor visa

Canada

Immigrant Investor Plan (IIP) [cancelled 2014]

Australia

Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa

U.K.

Tier 1 (Investor) visa

New Zealand

Investor visa

Singapore

Global Investor Programme (GIP)

South Korea

Corporate Investment (D-8) visa

For wealthy Chinese, who can easily be worth tens of millions, the threshold for immigrating isn’t high at all. And the thresholds of many countries, including America, have dropped considerably.

As the ranks of China’s upper class swell, the low thresholds for many countries’ immigrant investor programs are tempting more and more wealthy Chinese to join in the rush. According to government statistics compiled by CNN:

Total Number of Chinese to Receive Immigrant Investor Visas for the U.S., 2004-2014

Note: The U.S. offers a yearly quota of 10,000 visas to foreign nationals who invest at least U.S.$500,000 in commercial enterprises under the EB-5 immigrant investor program.

In 2014 the number of applicants for the U.S. immigrant investor program hit an all-time high, and 85% of the applicants were Chinese. This was the first time the yearly quota maxed out, and the U.S. government temporarily ceased accepting applications.

A similar situation has arisen in Canada. Over the past few years, the number of applicants from China has exploded, and in February 2014 the Canadian government announced that it will be calling a halt to their Immigrant Investor Plan (IIP) launched in 1986.

As they rush to emigrate, wealthy Chinese are draining away large amounts of the country’s wealth...

Immigration Through Investment Depletes China’s Wealth

The money that wealthy Chinese invest abroad far exceeds the wealth that they bring back. So what are they investing in, exactly?

Chinese Investors Are Mad for Overseas Real Estate

In addition to getting immigrant visas by buying bonds, wealthy Chinese are particularly enamored of investing in real estate, and are buying up land overseas like mad. The Chinese are becoming major buyers of real estate in foreign countries.

Chinese Investors Are Mad for Overseas Real Estate

Late last year the U.K.'s Tier 1 (Investor) visa requirement was increased to £2 million. This graphic has been updated to reflect that change. The link to the New Zealand Investor Visa has been updated for clarification.