Technology and Innovation in an Era of U.S.-China Strategic Competition

A China in the World Podcast

China has taken significant steps to implement national strategies and encourage investment in order to surpass the U.S. in high tech fields like artificial intelligence. In this podcast, Paul Haenle sat down with Elsa Kania, adjunct fellow at the Center for a New American Security and a former Carnegie-Tsinghua Young Ambassador, to discuss the impacts of increasing competition in technology development and innovation on the U.S.-China relationship and the consequences for future cooperation in these fields.



China May Become the World’s Leader in AI. But at What Cost?

Andrew Batson, Virgilio Bisio & more
The unprecedented amounts of data Chinese tech giants like Baidu and Alibaba collect is helping accelerate China’s development of big data and artificial intelligence (AI) applications, including facial recognition, automated retail operations, and...

Kania points to the 2016 triumph of a computer over a human in the game Go as an event that spurred China’s government and military to rapidly develop their artificial intelligence capabilities. She argues that it is necessary to recognize the deep entanglement of the U.S. and China’s innovation ecosystems as bilateral relations enter an era of greater strategic competition. Kania says that China is exploiting the openness of the U.S. system through both human and cyber espionage, and targeted measures focused on countering China’s unlawful infractions are needed to protect U.S. strategic interests. She also notes that foreign investment and collaboration are integral to American innovation and that it will be difficult to strike a balance between protecting U.S. technology and innovation while continuing to benefit from cooperation with China.

U.S.-China Tensions over Trade and Technology

Paul Haenle & Chen Dingding from Carnegie China
Chen says deteriorating bilateral relations are due to both the Trump administration’s trade policies and to a growing U.S. consensus that foreign policy toward China should be reevaluated. The Chinese government’s view that industrial policy is a...